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பதிவு செய்த நாள் 05-Feb-2020

* SHRI D. RAVIKUMAR (VILUPPURAM):

Hon. Chairman I am thankful to the Hon. President for mentioning in his Address

that the Constitution remains as the guiding light. The Constitution ensures us the

equality, democracy and freedom. On the basis of this Consultation , we have

acquired all the rights including the citizenship rights.  

Hon. President has mentioned in detail about different sections of the society in

his Address. He has also highlighted the achievements of this Government. But

only a few lines appear about SC and ST people who constitute 25 per cent of

the population of this country. Particularly, there is no other information in the

Hon. President’s Address about the Scheduled Caste people than the mention

about extension of reservation to SCs and STs for another 10 year period.

Some days ago, our Government released the report of the National Crime

Records Bureau for the year 2018. The Statistics relating to the atrocities against

the Scheduled caste people throughout the country have been provided in that

Report. This Government cannot take pride in expressing the real status as

regards the economic development of the Scheduled caste people of this

country. They cannot also take pride in mentioning the educational status of Dalit

people in this country. That’s why these details have not become part of the Hon.

President’s Address.  

Atrocities against SCs have been on the rise. This has been mentioned in the

Report of NCRB. In the year 2016, 40,801 violent attacks took place against

Scheduled Caste people of the country. This has risen to 42,793 violent

incidents in the year 2018. During the year 2018, as many as 821 Dalit people

have been killed. Also 1283 Dalit people have been grievously injured. The Dalit

women do not have protection in this country. As many as 1530 Dalit women

have been harassed in this country. As many as 2957 women have been raped.

Dalit minor girls also do not have protection. As many as 871 Dalit minor girls

have been raped in the year 2018. I want to ask whether the Hon. President is

not aware or concerned of these atrocities against Scheduled Castes in the

country?  

If Dalit people are considered as Hindus in this country, there will not be complete

silence after witnessing so many killings of Dalit people. This deafening silence

indicates that Dalit people are not considered as Hindus as they are targeted time

and again. Although we have so many laws to bring down the number of these

atrocities against SCs, they are not being implemented properly which has

resulted in an increase of such atrocities. If violence takes place in the name of a

religion, the National Investigation Agency takes up the case as a terrorist act

and starts investigating the matter. The culprits are punished immediately.

Capital punishment is maximum punishment given to those who involved in such

terrorist activities. But even though 821 Dalit persons are killed in one year, it is

not considered as a terrorist act. If the crimes based on religion are considered

as terrorist acts and why the crimes based on Castes are not considered in those

lines. The killings that are booked under the Prevention of atrocities against SCs

and STs Act, should be considered as terrorist crimes. And NIA should come

forward to investigate these cases. Only then the number of such violent

incidents against SCs can be reduced.  

Now the Citizenship Amendment Law has been passed and the National

Population Register is being prepared. These things remind me of British rule.

When census method was introduced during the British rule in India, only after

that the Dalit people became landless. In Madras Presidency, 100 years before

the introduction of Census, a person named Mr Bernard did a survey in the year

1772 in about 1900 villages. As per the survey undertaken in Chengalpattu

district, there were Dalit people who were large in numbers having lots of land in

their names. When British rule insisted to get the land ownership rights on the

basis of documents, all these Dalit people became landless. Those who gave

fake manuscripts and copper plates showing the ownership rights to British rulers

became land owners. Today also we face a similar situation. If it is said that one

should ascertain his citizenship on the basis of the documents he possess, this

will lead to a dangerous situation where 90 per cent of Dalit people will be losing

their citizenship rights in this country. I strongly accuse that NPR is aimed to take

away the citizenship rights from the Dalit people adding disregard tothe

Constitution framed by Revolutionist Dr. Ambedkar.

While introducing the Constitution of India revolutionist Dr. Ambedkar said those

who consider their religious beliefs above the interests of the country, come to

power, our freedom will face severe crisis. He also gave a caution that if we lose

our freedom we can never get it back. There is such a pathetic situation

prevailing in this country. We have to ensure protection of freedom in the country.

We all have the duty to protect the Constitution of our country. I request the

people in the Government should also come forward to fulfil such duties. Thank

you so much. (ends)

* Original in Tamil.